Adam Vrooman remained in Schenectady were he operated a mill he had owned since 1683. He sold this mill to his son Wouter in 1710. In 1711 he purchased from the Indians about 600 acres, in two seperate deeds, north of town near Middleburg in the Schoharie Valley. Not having the proper utensils for surveying it, he paced off the tract and called it six hundred acres, for which he gave one hundred and ten gallons of rum and a few blankets. This tract became known as Vrooman Land. The purchase from the Indians had no legal meaning, however as he had to live among them this was a form of “paying them off”.
One of the first two deeds contains the names of eighteen Indians, inserted in the following order: "Pennonequieeson, Canquothoo, Hendrick the Indian, [probably King Hendrick of the French war,]Kawnawahdeakeoe,Turthyowriss,Sagonadiet Tucktahraessoo, Onnadahsea, Kahenterunkqua, Amos the Indian, Cornelius the Indian, Gonhe Wannah, Oneedyea, Leweas the Indian, Johanis the Indian, Tuquaw-in-hunt, and Esras the Indian, all owners and proprietors of a certain piece of land, situate, lying and being in the bounds of the land called Skohere." The title is for two hundred and sixty acres of land near the hill "called Onitstagrawa;" two hundred of which were flats, and sixty acres wood-land. The instrument closed as follows: "In testimony whereof, we, the three races or tribes of the Maquase, the Turtle, Wolf and Bear, being present, have hereunto set our marks and seals, in the town of Schenectady, this two and twentieth day of August, and in the tenth year of her Majesty's [Queen Ann's] reign. Annoque Domini, 1711." Eighteen wax seals are attached to the conveyance, in front of which are arranged, in the order named, the devices of a turtle, a wolf and a bear, the former holding a tomahawk in one of its claws.
The second deed is dated April 30, 1714, and contains the eight following names: "Sinonneequerison, Tanuryso, Nisawgoreeatah, Turgourus, Honodaw, Kannakquawes, Tigreedontee, Onnodeegondee, all of the Maquaes country, native Indians, owners and proprietors, " The deed was given for three hundred and forty acres of woodland, lying eastward of the sixty acres previously conveyed, "bounded northward by the Onitstagrawa, to the southward by a hill called Kan-je-a-ra-go-re, to the westward by a ridge of hills that join to Onitstagrawa, extending southerly much like unto a half moon, till it joins the aforesaid hill Kanjearagore." This instrument closes in the manner of the one before noticed, except that each Indian's name is placed before a seal to which he had made his mark. The ensigns of the three Mohawk tribes, are conspicuously traced in the midst of the signatures. One of the two witnesses to both deeds was Leo Stevens, a woman who acted as interpreter on the occasion of granting each conveyance.
When the Palantines came in 1713, they also became traders with the Indians. Perhaps because they were jealous of the large amount of land Adam had or felt that he was going to “hem them in” they advised the Indians that the tract contained a much larger number of acres than the deeds they had signed. They convinced the chiefs of these tribes that they had been cheated by Adam. This caused them to refuse to barter with him for his goods. Instead of its being but six hundred acres, the grant that Adam recieved from the Govenor gives the same tract as eleven hundred acres.
In 1715 Vroman commenced building a house upon his land, and the Germans being jealous of his purchase, or, in truth believing he was sent to "hem them in" as they stated in the petition, took the responsibility of trespassing upon his domains in a very riotous manner; as will be seen by Adam's Letter , written from Schenectady to Gov. Hunter bearing the date of " the 9th day of July; 1715."
March 30, 1726, Adam Vrooman obtained the new Indian title to the flats know as Vrooman's Land, executed by nine individuals of the nation, "in behalf of all the Mohaugs Indians." The new title gave the land previously conveyed with the sentence, "let there be as much as there will, more or less, for we are no surveyors;" and was executed with the ensigns of the Mohawk nation - the turtle,wolf and bear.
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